八字 What is Bazi?

November 2, 2019 - Reading time: ~1 minute

BaZi, “八 Ba” means eight and “子 Zi” means character. The eight Chinese characters are derived from the 夏历 Xia/HSIA farming calendar, also known as 万年历 the “Ten Thousand Year Calendar”, which indicates the season’s transition time and the planetary cycles at given time.

The HSIA calendar has 60-year cycles. Each cycle consists of one upper and one lower character for any given time. The upper characters are called 天干 10 Celestial/ Heavenly Stems. The lower characters are called 地支 12 Terrestrial/ Earthly Branches.

A plotted eight characters chart based on the HSIA calendar is also known as “BaZi” Ming Pan (Eight characters of life) or 四柱 Four Pillars of Destiny. Not limited but BaZi is primarily used for fate calculation and future prediction.


五行 The Five Elements

December 11, 2019 - Reading time: 20 minutes

五行 Wu Xing the five stars/ planets or movement of it are the fundamental parts of 八字 BaZi the eight character chart also known as 命理 Ming Li, the knowledge of life, or 命术 Ming Shu, the technique of life.

The movement of the five closest planets in our solar system the "Wu Xing" is commonly translated as "Elements" while the five movements or the five star categories would come closer to its meaning. The five elements are Wood for Jupiter, Fire for Mars, Earth for Saturn, Metal for Venus and Water for Mercury.

The five elements characteristic and interactions can be used to grasp the momentum/flow of forces. Properly utilized one can take advantage to improve circumstances. The table below shows what the five elements represents:

 

Element Wood Fire Earth  Metal Water
Planet
行星 xing xing
Jupiter
木 mù
Mars
火 huǒ
Saturn
土 tǔ
Venus
金 jīn
Mercury
水 shuǐ
Compass
罗盘 luópán
East
东 dōng
South
南 nán
Center
中央 zhōngyāng
West
西方 xīfāng
North
北 běi
Quadrant
象限 xiàngxiàn
Green Dragon
青龍 qīng lóng
 Red Bird
朱雀 zhū què
Yellow Phoenix
黃龍 huáng lóng
White Tiger
白虎 bái hǔ
Turtle-Snake
玄武 xuán wǔ
Seasons
四季 sìjì
Spring
弹簧 tánhuáng
Summer
夏季 xiàjì
Replenishing
补养 bǔyǎng
Autumn
秋季 qiūjì
Winter
冬季 dōngjì
Climates
气候 qìhòu
Windy
有风 yǒu fēng
Heat
热 rè
Damp
潮湿 cháoshī
Dry
干 gàn
Cold
冷 lěng
Stages
阶段 jiēduàn
Birth
分娩 fēnmiǎn
Growth
展 fāzhǎn
Transformation
转型 zhuǎnxíng
Harvest
收成 shōuchéng
Storage
存储 cúnchú
Colors
颜色 yan Se
Green
绿 luu
Red
红 hong
Yellow/Brown
黄 huang
White/Golden
白 bai
Black/Blue
黑蓝 hei Lan
Action
行动 xíngdòng
Crushing
崩 bēng
Exploding
炮 Pào
Crossing
橫 héng
Splitting
劈 pǐ
Drilling
鑽 zūan
Five Virtues
五常 wŭ cháng
Benevolence
仁 rén
Propriety
禮 lĭ
Sincerity
信 xìn
Righteousness
義 yì
Wisdom
智 zhì
Peoples
人们 rénmen
Mongol
蒙 měng
Han
漢 hàn
Manchurian
滿 mǎn
Tibetan
藏 zàng
Turks
回 huí

Anatomy
解剖学 Jiěpōu xué
Yin Organs
 
Liver
肝Gān
Heart
心 Xīn
Spleen
脾 Pí
Lungs
肺 Fèi
Kidneys
腎 Shèn
Yang Organs
 
Gall Bladder
膽 Dǎn
Small Intestine
小肠 Xiǎo Cháng
Stomach
胃 Wèi
Large Intestine
大肠 Dà Cháng
Bladder
胱 Guāng

 

 

The five elements interactions

五星 the five planets also interchangeably called the five stars have different size, mass, speed and electromagnetic fields. They resonate and vibrate on different frequencies. Depending on their position and distance, their gravity and frequencies interacts with each other in producing, weakening and controlling cycles.

In the producing cycle, one element produce/ amplifies another elements frequencies and energy level.

In the weakening cycle one element weakens/ drains another elements frequencies and energy level.

In the controlling cycle one element controls/ absorbs another elements frequencies and energy level.

When one element creates another element the created element weakens the creating elements frequencies and energy level.  

 

The Five Elements Interactions
The producing cycle The weakening cycle The controlling cycle
Wood produces fire Wood weakens water Wood controls earth
Fire produces earth Fire weakens wood Fire controls metal
Earth produces metal Earth weakens fire Earth controls water
Metal produces water Metal weakens earth Metal controls wood
Water produces wood Water weakens metal Water controls fire

 

 

Relationship of the elements to each other

The element in the upper part of the day pillar (day’s heavenly stem) is the 日主 Day Master. The characteristic of the elements are determined by the Day Master.

The element that is controlled by the Day Master is the wealth element.

The element that controls the Day Master is the influence element.

The element that the Day Master produces is the output element.

The element that produces the Day Master is the resource element.

The element that is equal to the Day Master is the companion element.  

 

 

天干 The 10 Heavenly Stems

Each of the five Planets/Elements has its own polarity. The positive polarity (+) is called Yang and the negative polarity (-) is called Yin. The five elements with their polarity are the Ten Heavenly Stems.

 

天干 10 Heavenly Stems
 (+) Yang Stems (-) Yin Stems
甲 Jia Yang Wood 乙 Yi Yin Wood
丙Bing Yang Fire 丁 Ding Yin Fire
戊 Wu Yang Earth 己 Ji Yin Earth
庚 Geng Yang Metal 辛 Xin Yin Metal
壬 Ren Yang Water 癸 Gui Yin Water

 

 

地支 The 12 Earthly Branches

The planet Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system, it has twenty times stronger magnetic field than Earth's. It completes its cycle around the sun every twelve years. It’s been believed that it has high impact on Earth with its gravity and electromagnetic field.

太岁 Tai Sui the “The Grand Duke of Jupiter” is the twelve “Earthly Branch” of the year or in short the year branch which indicates planet Jupiter’s position around the sun. Each year/branch is depicted with animal symbols to be better memorized and is commonly known as the Chinese zodiacs.

地支 12 Earthly Branches
Branches Hours Month Hidden Stems
子 Zi Rat 23:00 - 01:00 December 癸 Gui
丑 Chou Ox 01:00 - 03:00 January 己 Ji 辛 Xin 癸 Gui
寅 Yin Tiger 03:00 - 05:00 February 甲 Jia 戊 Wu  丙 Bing
卯 Mao Rabbit 05:00 - 07:00 March 乙 Yi
辰 Chen Dragon 07:00 - 09:00 April 戊 Wu 癸 Gui 乙 Yi
巳 Si Snake 09:00 - 11:00 Mai 丙 Bing 戊 Wu 庚 Geng
戊 Wu Horse 11:00 - 13:00 June 丁 Ding 己 Ji
未 Wei Ram 13:00 - 15:00 July 乙 Yi 丁 Ding 己 Ji
申 Shen Monkey 15:00 - 17:00 August 戊 Wu 庚 Geng 壬 Ren
酉 You Rooster 17:00 - 19:00 September 辛 Xin
戌 Xu Dog 19:00 - 21:00 October 丁Ding 戊 Wu 辛 Xin
亥 Hai Pig 21:00 - 23:00 November 甲 Jia 壬 Ren

 

 
The Month-Branch indicates the Earths position around the Sun and the transition of seasons. The Lunisolar calendar year starts with February and is depicted with a tiger. The beginning days of the months are not equal to the first day of the western calendar. Each of the twelve months are also depicted with the same animal symbols used for the years.

The Day-Branch indicates the moons position/ phases around the Earth. The day branches are also depicted with the twelve animal symbols. The day in month concerns us most in our daily activities thus the heavenly stem in the day is taken as the master regarding to other elements in the chart therefore it is called the 日元 Day Master.

The Hour-Branch indicates the Earth phase rotation on its own axis. Each Chinese Hour consists of two hours; the day is divided into 12 instead of 24 hours. The twelve animal symbols are also used to depict the twelve two hour blocks.

 


十神 The Ten Gods

December 7, 2019 - Reading time: 3 minutes

The element (the heavenly stem) in the day column is the 日主 Day Master. The Day Master determines the relation, interaction and the transformation to all the other pillars heavenly stems and hidden heavenly stems in the branches.

The Day Master interaction with the ten heavenly stems is Gods signs of subtle changes/transformation in the nature, commonly known and labeled as 十神 The Ten Gods.

The subtle changes of God or the ten gods are.

十神 The Ten Gods
Chinese/ Pinyin Literally Commonly known as Represents
正官 Zheng Guan True Officer DO - Direct Officer Power, authority, discipline, nobility and salary.
七杀 Qi Sha 
偏官 Pian Guan
7th Killing 7K - Seven Killing 
IO - Indirect Officer
Petty people, aggression, disrespect and challenges.
正财 Zheng Cai True Wealth DW - Direct Wealth Earnings, possession, properties and wife
偏财 Pian Cai Unconventional Wealth IW - Indirect Wealth Passive, indirect, unexpected income and lovers.
食神 Shi Shen Food God EG - Eating God Food, clothes, longevity, offspring and intelligence.  
伤官 Shang Guan Injuring Officer HO - Hurting Officer Harsh, offending, pride, clumsy, artistic and skillful.
正印 ZhengYin True Seal DR - Direct Resource Wisdom, compassion, integrity and protection.
偏印 Pian Yin Indirect Seal IR-Indirect Resources Unconventional education, restriction and loneliness.
劫财 Jie Cai Harness wealth RW-Rob Wealth Wealth stream in both ways, opposition and cruelty.
比肩 Bi Jian Shoulder to shoulder P-Parallel/Friend/Foe People next to you, whether friendly or unfriendly.


五季 The Five Seasons

July 29, 2020 - Reading time: 9 minutes


Determining the Day Masters and charts strength is one of the key components to interpret a BaZi chart. There are five elements hence five seasons, namely spring, summer, autumn and winter. The fifth season for the Heavenly Stem (celestial season) is the transition period from the outer planets to the inner planets. The fifth season for the Earthly Branches is the transition phase from one season into another which is the third month in each of the four seasons.


Each season covers a phase of three months and a quadrant of 90 degrees. Each element in the Heavenly Stems and the Earthly branches represents a specific phase in a season. The first 12 days of each month is the stronger part and the last 18 days are the weaker part of the elements.


The alignment of the Day Masters elements season (Heavenly Stem) with the months elements season (Earthly Branch in the month pillar) determines primarily the strength of the day master.


The element wood is strongest in spring, fire is strongest in summer, metal is strongest in autumn, water is strongest in winter and earth is strongest in the fifth season.


The Day Master is at strongest when its elements season matches (is same as) with the earthly branch of the months season. There are five elements hence five seasons’ therefore five strength indicators of the Day Master. The indicators from strongest to the weakest are:

旺 Prosper, 相 Strong, 休 Dormant, 囚 In Prison, 死 Death

 

 

天干 10 Heavenly Stems
弹簧 Spring 夏天 Summer 五季 5. Season 秋季 Autumn 冬季 Winter
Wood Fire Earth Metal Water

Jia

Yi

Bing

Ding

Wu

Ji

Geng

Xin

Ren

Gui

The ten heavenly stems elements and their representing celestial seasons.

 

 地支 12 Earthly Branches
弹簧 Spring 夏天 Summer 秋季 Autumn 冬季 Winter
Wood Earth Fire Earth Metal Earth Water Earth

Yin

Mao

Chen

Si

Wu

Wei

Shen

You

Xu

 Hai

Zi

Chou

The twelve months/earthly branches representing elements and their solar season.

 

Seasonal strength indicator
弹簧 Spring 夏天 Summer 秋季 Autumn 冬季 Winter 五季 5. Season      
Wood Fire Metal Water Earth Strength

Yin

Mao

Si

Wu

Shen

You

Hai

Zi

Chen

Wei

Xu

Chou
 
Wood Fire Metal Water Earth Prosper
Fire Earth Water Wood Metal Strong
Water Wood Earth Metal Fire Dormant
Metal Water Fire Earth Wood In Prison
Earth Metal Wood Fire Water Death



Sample of a strong Day Master

Strong Day Master



Sample of a weak Day Master

Weak Day Master




十二长生 12 Life Phases

August 6, 2020 - Reading time: 8 minutes


A more refined method to determine the strength of the Elements and Day Master is the twelve life stage method. While the Five Season method only considers the four quadrants (each season equals to 90 degree) to determine the Elements strength, the 12 Life Phases method divides each season further and considers every single month in each season.


There are four (five) seasons and twelve months hence twelve different stages, the Day Masters Element in any given months season determines its life stage, vitality and strength.


An analogy of human life stages are used to describe the stages and strength of the elements therefore the strength indicator is called 十二长生, "The twelve Chang-Shengs" also commonly known as the 12 Qi/phases of life.

十二长生  The 12 Phases of Life
Stages Strength      
長生 Chang Sheng
Longevity
Birth
Growth
Peak
Strong
Rising
 
The child has just born, seemingly with unlimited source of energy, full of optimism and hope yet the entire life whether short or long is still ahead. It is the beginning stage of active life. This stage is strong when its at Yang and average when its at Yin.
沐浴 Mu Yu
Bathing
Accumulating
Childhood
Dead
Weak
Rising
 
The baby is out of the protective womb and is at this stage very vulnerable. The baby must be quickly removed from the placentas cord, bathed and wrapped in protective clothes. 
冠带 Guan Dai
Attire
Maturity
Wearing Hat
Vibrant
Strong
Rising
 
The child has passed the puberty period and reached the maturity. This stage is celebrated in some cultures around the world by wearing special clothes. This is the time when enterprises are undertaken and positions are established.
临官 Lin Guan
Appointed Officer
Adulthood
Coming of Age
Vibrant
Strong
Rising
 
This is the stage of highest productivity and readiness to take responsibility and authority.
帝旺 Di Wang
Imperial Prosperity
Prosperity Peak
Pinnacle
Peak
Strong
Rising
 
The life peak has been reached, it is the zenith of achievements, from now on, only decline can be expected.
衰 Shuai
Decline
Aging
Waning
Falling
Average
Falling
 
The time when the life vitality and activities are gradually decreasing also known as aging, the advancement is given only in one direction.
病 Bing
Disease
Ailing
Sickness
Falling
Average
Falling
 
The stage when the vitality is severely affected and the common operation becomes dysfunctional
死 Si
Dead
Death
Deteriorating
Dead
Weak
Falling
 
The stage when the soul leaves the body and returns to its origin. 
墓 Mu
Tomb
Grave
Dormant
Dead
Strong
Falling
 
The shell is buried and left to the nature. This one has strong force yet downwards.
绝 Jue
Extinct
Repose
Void
Dead
Weak
Falling
 
All is dissolved nothing is there.
胎 Tai
Fetus
Conception
Womb
Base
Average
Transforming
 
Life has just ignited. Creation is about to form.
养 Yang
Raise
Gestation
Nurture
Base
Average
Transforming
 
The child who has not been born yet is taking shape. It is an upcoming potential.



As a picture is worth a thousand words, a visualized 12 life stage indicator speaks for itself.