BaZi, “八 Ba” means eight and “子 Zi” means character. The eight Chinese characters are derived from the 夏历 Xia/HSIA farming calendar, also known as 万年历 the “Ten Thousand Year Calendar”, which indicates the season’s transition time and the planetary cycles at given time.
The HSIA calendar has 60-year cycles. Each cycle consists of one upper and one lower character for any given time. The upper characters are called 天干 10 Celestial/ Heavenly Stems. The lower characters are called 地支 12 Terrestrial/ Earthly Branches.
A plotted eight characters chart based on the HSIA calendar is also known as “BaZi” Ming Pan (Eight characters of life) or 四柱 Four Pillars of Destiny. Not limited but BaZi is primarily used for fate calculation and future prediction.
五行 Wu Xing the five stars/ planets or movement of it are the fundamental parts of 八字 BaZi the eight character chart also known as 命理 Ming Li, the knowledge of life, or 命术 Ming Shu, the technique of life.
The movement of the five closest planets in our solar system the "Wu Xing" is commonly translated as "Elements" while the five movements or the five star categories would come closer to its meaning. The five elements are Wood for Jupiter, Fire for Mars, Earth for Saturn, Metal for Venus and Water for Mercury.
The five elements characteristic and interactions can be used to grasp the momentum/flow of forces. Properly utilized one can take advantage to improve circumstances. The table below shows what the five elements represents:
行星 xing xing
青龍 qīng lóng
| Red Bird
朱雀 zhū què
黃龍 huáng lóng
白虎 bái hǔ
玄武 xuán wǔ
有风 yǒu fēng
颜色 yan Se
黑蓝 hei Lan
五常 wŭ cháng
解剖学 Jiěpōu xué
小肠 Xiǎo Cháng
大肠 Dà Cháng
五星 the five planets also interchangeably called the five stars have different size, mass, speed and electromagnetic fields. They resonate and vibrate on different frequencies. Depending on their position and distance, their gravity and frequencies interacts with each other in producing, weakening and controlling cycles.
In the producing cycle, one element produce/ amplifies another elements frequencies and energy level.
In the weakening cycle one element weakens/ drains another elements frequencies and energy level.
In the controlling cycle one element controls/ absorbs another elements frequencies and energy level.
When one element creates another element the created element weakens the creating elements frequencies and energy level.
|The Five Elements Interactions|
|The producing cycle||The weakening cycle||The controlling cycle|
|Wood produces fire||Wood weakens water||Wood controls earth|
|Fire produces earth||Fire weakens wood||Fire controls metal|
|Earth produces metal||Earth weakens fire||Earth controls water|
|Metal produces water||Metal weakens earth||Metal controls wood|
|Water produces wood||Water weakens metal||Water controls fire|
The element in the upper part of the day pillar (day’s heavenly stem) is the 日主 Day Master. The characteristic of the elements are determined by the Day Master.
The element that is controlled by the Day Master is the wealth element.
The element that controls the Day Master is the influence element.
The element that the Day Master produces is the output element.
The element that produces the Day Master is the resource element.
The element that is equal to the Day Master is the companion element.
Each of the five Planets/Elements has its own polarity. The positive polarity (+) is called Yang and the negative polarity (-) is called Yin. The five elements with their polarity are the Ten Heavenly Stems.
|天干 10 Heavenly Stems|
|(+) Yang Stems||(-) Yin Stems|
|甲 Jia||Yang Wood||乙 Yi||Yin Wood|
|丙Bing||Yang Fire||丁 Ding||Yin Fire|
|戊 Wu||Yang Earth||己 Ji||Yin Earth|
|庚 Geng||Yang Metal||辛 Xin||Yin Metal|
|壬 Ren||Yang Water||癸 Gui||Yin Water|
The planet Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system, it has twenty times stronger magnetic field than Earth's. It completes its cycle around the sun every twelve years. It’s been believed that it has high impact on Earth with its gravity and electromagnetic field.
太岁 Tai Sui the “The Grand Duke of Jupiter” is the twelve “Earthly Branch” of the year or in short the year branch which indicates planet Jupiter’s position around the sun. Each year/branch is depicted with animal symbols to be better memorized and is commonly known as the Chinese zodiacs.
|地支 12 Earthly Branches|
|子 Zi||Rat||23:00 - 01:00||December||癸 Gui|
|丑 Chou||Ox||01:00 - 03:00||January||己 Ji 辛 Xin 癸 Gui|
|寅 Yin||Tiger||03:00 - 05:00||February||甲 Jia 戊 Wu 丙 Bing|
|卯 Mao||Rabbit||05:00 - 07:00||March||乙 Yi|
|辰 Chen||Dragon||07:00 - 09:00||April||戊 Wu 癸 Gui 乙 Yi|
|巳 Si||Snake||09:00 - 11:00||Mai||丙 Bing 戊 Wu 庚 Geng|
|戊 Wu||Horse||11:00 - 13:00||June||丁 Ding 己 Ji|
|未 Wei||Ram||13:00 - 15:00||July||乙 Yi 丁 Ding 己 Ji|
|申 Shen||Monkey||15:00 - 17:00||August||戊 Wu 庚 Geng 壬 Ren|
|酉 You||Rooster||17:00 - 19:00||September||辛 Xin|
|戌 Xu||Dog||19:00 - 21:00||October||丁Ding 戊 Wu 辛 Xin|
|亥 Hai||Pig||21:00 - 23:00||November||甲 Jia 壬 Ren|
The Month-Branch indicates the Earths position around the Sun and the transition of seasons. The Lunisolar calendar year starts with February and is depicted with a tiger. The beginning days of the months are not equal to the first day of the western calendar. Each of the twelve months are also depicted with the same animal symbols used for the years.
The Day-Branch indicates the moons position/ phases around the Earth. The day branches are also depicted with the twelve animal symbols. The day in month concerns us most in our daily activities thus the heavenly stem in the day is taken as the master regarding to other elements in the chart therefore it is called the 日元 Day Master.
The Hour-Branch indicates the Earth phase rotation on its own axis. Each Chinese Hour consists of two hours; the day is divided into 12 instead of 24 hours. The twelve animal symbols are also used to depict the twelve two hour blocks.
The element (the heavenly stem) in the day column is the 日主 Day Master. The Day Master determines the relation, interaction and the transformation to all the other pillars heavenly stems and hidden heavenly stems in the branches.
The Day Master interaction with the ten heavenly stems is Gods signs of subtle changes/transformation in the nature, commonly known and labeled as 十神 The Ten Gods.
The subtle changes of God or the ten gods are.
|十神 The Ten Gods|
|Chinese/ Pinyin||Literally||Commonly known as||Represents|
|正官 Zheng Guan||True Officer||DO - Direct Officer||Power, authority, discipline, nobility and salary.|
|七杀 Qi Sha
偏官 Pian Guan
|7th Killing||7K - Seven Killing
IO - Indirect Officer
|Petty people, aggression, disrespect and challenges.|
|正财 Zheng Cai||True Wealth||DW - Direct Wealth||Earnings, possession, properties and wife|
|偏财 Pian Cai||Unconventional Wealth||IW - Indirect Wealth||Passive, indirect, unexpected income and lovers.|
|食神 Shi Shen||Food God||EG - Eating God||Food, clothes, longevity, offspring and intelligence.|
|伤官 Shang Guan||Injuring Officer||HO - Hurting Officer||Harsh, offending, pride, clumsy, artistic and skillful.|
|正印 ZhengYin||True Seal||DR - Direct Resource||Wisdom, compassion, integrity and protection.|
|偏印 Pian Yin||Indirect Seal||IR-Indirect Resources||Unconventional education, restriction and loneliness.|
|劫财 Jie Cai||Harness wealth||RW-Rob Wealth||Wealth stream in both ways, opposition and cruelty.|
|比肩 Bi Jian||Shoulder to shoulder||P-Parallel/Friend/Foe||People next to you, whether friendly or unfriendly.|