八字 What is Bazi?

November 2, 2019 - Reading time: ~1 minute

BaZi, “八 Ba” means eight and “子 Zi” means character. The eight Chinese characters are derived from the 夏历 Xia/HSIA farming calendar, also known as 万年历 the “Ten Thousand Year Calendar”, which indicates the season’s transition time and the planetary cycles at given time.

The HSIA calendar has 60-year cycles. Each cycle consists of one upper and one lower character for any given time. The upper characters are called 天干 10 Celestial/ Heavenly Stems. The lower characters are called 地支 12 Terrestrial/ Earthly Branches.

A plotted eight characters chart based on the HSIA calendar is also known as “BaZi” Ming Pan (Eight characters of life) or 四柱 Four Pillars of Destiny. Not limited but BaZi is primarily used for fate calculation and future prediction.


五行 The Five Elements

December 11, 2019 - Reading time: 20 minutes

五行 Wu Xing the five stars/ planets or movement of it are the fundamental parts of 八字 BaZi the eight character chart also known as 命理 Ming Li, the knowledge of life, or 命术 Ming Shu, the technique of life.

The movement of the five closest planets in our solar system the "Wu Xing" is commonly translated as "Elements" while the five movements or the five star categories would come closer to its meaning. The five elements are Wood for Jupiter, Fire for Mars, Earth for Saturn, Metal for Venus and Water for Mercury.

The five elements characteristic and interactions can be used to grasp the momentum/flow of forces. Properly utilized one can take advantage to improve circumstances. The table below shows what the five elements represents:

 

Element Wood Fire Earth  Metal Water
Planet
行星 xing xing
Jupiter
木 mù
Mars
火 huǒ
Saturn
土 tǔ
Venus
金 jīn
Mercury
水 shuǐ
Compass
罗盘 luópán
East
东 dōng
South
南 nán
Center
中央 zhōngyāng
West
西方 xīfāng
North
北 běi
Quadrant
象限 xiàngxiàn
Green Dragon
青龍 qīng lóng
 Red Bird
朱雀 zhū què
Yellow Phoenix
黃龍 huáng lóng
White Tiger
白虎 bái hǔ
Turtle-Snake
玄武 xuán wǔ
Seasons
四季 sìjì
Spring
弹簧 tánhuáng
Summer
夏季 xiàjì
Replenishing
补养 bǔyǎng
Autumn
秋季 qiūjì
Winter
冬季 dōngjì
Climates
气候 qìhòu
Windy
有风 yǒu fēng
Heat
热 rè
Damp
潮湿 cháoshī
Dry
干 gàn
Cold
冷 lěng
Stages
阶段 jiēduàn
Birth
分娩 fēnmiǎn
Growth
展 fāzhǎn
Transformation
转型 zhuǎnxíng
Harvest
收成 shōuchéng
Storage
存储 cúnchú
Colors
颜色 yan Se
Green
绿 luu
Red
红 hong
Yellow/Brown
黄 huang
White/Golden
白 bai
Black/Blue
黑蓝 hei Lan
Action
行动 xíngdòng
Crushing
崩 bēng
Exploding
炮 Pào
Crossing
橫 héng
Splitting
劈 pǐ
Drilling
鑽 zūan
Five Virtues
五常 wŭ cháng
Benevolence
仁 rén
Propriety
禮 lĭ
Sincerity
信 xìn
Righteousness
義 yì
Wisdom
智 zhì
Peoples
人们 rénmen
Mongol
蒙 měng
Han
漢 hàn
Manchurian
滿 mǎn
Tibetan
藏 zàng
Turks
回 huí

Anatomy
解剖学 Jiěpōu xué
Yin Organs
 
Liver
肝Gān
Heart
心 Xīn
Spleen
脾 Pí
Lungs
肺 Fèi
Kidneys
腎 Shèn
Yang Organs
 
Gall Bladder
膽 Dǎn
Small Intestine
小肠 Xiǎo Cháng
Stomach
胃 Wèi
Large Intestine
大肠 Dà Cháng
Bladder
胱 Guāng

 

 

The five elements interactions

五星 the five planets also interchangeably called the five stars have different size, mass, speed and electromagnetic fields. They resonate and vibrate on different frequencies. Depending on their position and distance, their gravity and frequencies interacts with each other in producing, weakening and controlling cycles.

In the producing cycle, one element produce/ amplifies another elements frequencies and energy level.

In the weakening cycle one element weakens/ drains another elements frequencies and energy level.

In the controlling cycle one element controls/ absorbs another elements frequencies and energy level.

When one element creates another element the created element weakens the creating elements frequencies and energy level.  

 

The Five Elements Interactions
The producing cycle The weakening cycle The controlling cycle
Wood produces fire Wood weakens water Wood controls earth
Fire produces earth Fire weakens wood Fire controls metal
Earth produces metal Earth weakens fire Earth controls water
Metal produces water Metal weakens earth Metal controls wood
Water produces wood Water weakens metal Water controls fire

 

 

Relationship of the elements to each other

The element in the upper part of the day pillar (day’s heavenly stem) is the 日主 Day Master. The characteristic of the elements are determined by the Day Master.

The element that is controlled by the Day Master is the wealth element.

The element that controls the Day Master is the influence element.

The element that the Day Master produces is the output element.

The element that produces the Day Master is the resource element.

The element that is equal to the Day Master is the companion element.  

 

 

天干 The 10 Heavenly Stems

Each of the five Planets/Elements has its own polarity. The positive polarity (+) is called Yang and the negative polarity (-) is called Yin. The five elements with their polarity are the Ten Heavenly Stems.

 

天干 10 Heavenly Stems
 (+) Yang Stems (-) Yin Stems
甲 Jia Yang Wood 乙 Yi Yin Wood
丙Bing Yang Fire 丁 Ding Yin Fire
戊 Wu Yang Earth 己 Ji Yin Earth
庚 Geng Yang Metal 辛 Xin Yin Metal
壬 Ren Yang Water 癸 Gui Yin Water

 

 

地支 The 12 Earthly Branches

The planet Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system, it has twenty times stronger magnetic field than Earth's. It completes its cycle around the sun every twelve years. It’s been believed that it has high impact on Earth with its gravity and electromagnetic field.

太岁 Tai Sui the “The Grand Duke of Jupiter” is the twelve “Earthly Branch” of the year or in short the year branch which indicates planet Jupiter’s position around the sun. Each year/branch is depicted with animal symbols to be better memorized and is commonly known as the Chinese zodiacs.

地支 12 Earthly Branches
Branches Hours Month Hidden Stems
子 Zi Rat 23:00 - 01:00 December 癸 Gui
丑 Chou Ox 01:00 - 03:00 January 己 Ji 辛 Xin 癸 Gui
寅 Yin Tiger 03:00 - 05:00 February 甲 Jia 戊 Wu  丙 Bing
卯 Mao Rabbit 05:00 - 07:00 March 乙 Yi
辰 Chen Dragon 07:00 - 09:00 April 戊 Wu 癸 Gui 乙 Yi
巳 Si Snake 09:00 - 11:00 Mai 丙 Bing 戊 Wu 庚 Geng
戊 Wu Horse 11:00 - 13:00 June 丁 Ding 己 Ji
未 Wei Ram 13:00 - 15:00 July 乙 Yi 丁 Ding 己 Ji
申 Shen Monkey 15:00 - 17:00 August 戊 Wu 庚 Geng 壬 Ren
酉 You Rooster 17:00 - 19:00 September 辛 Xin
戌 Xu Dog 19:00 - 21:00 October 丁Ding 戊 Wu 辛 Xin
亥 Hai Pig 21:00 - 23:00 November 甲 Jia 壬 Ren

 

 
The Month-Branch indicates the Earths position around the Sun and the transition of seasons. The Lunisolar calendar year starts with February and is depicted with a tiger. The beginning days of the months are not equal to the first day of the western calendar. Each of the twelve months are also depicted with the same animal symbols used for the years.

The Day-Branch indicates the moons position/ phases around the Earth. The day branches are also depicted with the twelve animal symbols. The day in month concerns us most in our daily activities thus the heavenly stem in the day is taken as the master regarding to other elements in the chart therefore it is called the 日元 Day Master.

The Hour-Branch indicates the Earth phase rotation on its own axis. Each Chinese Hour consists of two hours; the day is divided into 12 instead of 24 hours. The twelve animal symbols are also used to depict the twelve two hour blocks.

 


十神 The Ten Gods

December 7, 2019 - Reading time: 3 minutes

The element (the heavenly stem) in the day column is the 日主 Day Master. The Day Master determines the relation, interaction and the transformation to all the other pillars heavenly stems and hidden heavenly stems in the branches.

The Day Master interaction with the ten heavenly stems is Gods signs of subtle changes/transformation in the nature, commonly known and labeled as 十神 The Ten Gods.

The subtle changes of God or the ten gods are.

十神 The Ten Gods
Chinese/ Pinyin Literally Commonly known as Represents
正官 Zheng Guan True Officer DO - Direct Officer Power, authority, discipline, nobility and salary.
七杀 Qi Sha 
偏官 Pian Guan
7th Killing 7K - Seven Killing 
IO - Indirect Officer
Petty people, aggression, disrespect and challenges.
正财 Zheng Cai True Wealth DW - Direct Wealth Earnings, possession, properties and wife
偏财 Pian Cai Unconventional Wealth IW - Indirect Wealth Passive, indirect, unexpected income and lovers.
食神 Shi Shen Food God EG - Eating God Food, clothes, longevity, offspring and intelligence.  
伤官 Shang Guan Injuring Officer HO - Hurting Officer Harsh, offending, pride, clumsy, artistic and skillful.
正印 ZhengYin True Seal DR - Direct Resource Wisdom, compassion, integrity and protection.
偏印 Pian Yin Indirect Seal IR-Indirect Resources Unconventional education, restriction and loneliness.
劫财 Jie Cai Harness wealth RW-Rob Wealth Wealth stream in both ways, opposition and cruelty.
比肩 Bi Jian Shoulder to shoulder P-Parallel/Friend/Foe People next to you, whether friendly or unfriendly.